Golden Retriever - The Breed

Appearence

The coat is medium in size, going from gold to cream. It has an athletic build, symmetrical and harmonious constitution, short back with a powerful chest, long and arched ribs and right topline of the back. Head and skull balanced, with a pronounced stop (nasal chamfer - the gap between the forehead and the base of the nose). Top of the head is wide. Muzzle strong, broad and long, with a similar lenght to the skull. Black nose. Dark brown eyes, wide apart, with dark edges. Ears of medium size, deployed more or less at eye level. Jaw strong with perfect opposition of both jaws. Right forelegs, strong and muscular hindlegs, with a long lower tight and the angle of hock well marked. The hocks should be broad and straight, without deviation. The golden has cat legs, rounded. The tail is implanted at the level of the back and usually remains in this position. Should reach the hock and don't bend at the tip. The dog movements are strong, with good cadence.

Humor

It's temperament is calm. Is excellent for phisical activity, which is one of the ways that the owners had for further integration with their dogs, who are always ready to please and obey without the need of training for basic commands. By having an excellent sense of smell is often used to sniff out drugs and as a guide to visually impaired. Being a dog with balanced temperament, can certainly be created in apartments despite large size. To this end it is always necessary to purchase a Golden from a breeder who has done serious mood-control. In addition a certain amount of daily exercise is important for the breed.

It can also be created for therapy. He is attentive, companion, loving, intelligent and faithful.

Welfare

The golden retriever is well adapted to any space, including apartments. It is very popular for being docile, friendly with children, obedient and very intelligent. It is very gentle with children and with their owners. Very pampered, does not support solitude for a long time if not adapted since little. Por is sometimes necessary to protect the dog from the child, because he is very docile. Loves to eat, so it's needed to be careful not to make the dog obese. He needs to exercise. Shows no signs of aggression and tolerate other animals well. Very intelligent, learn easily any order. Needs to be taught from an early age, so there will be no flaws in the adult.

History

Its origin dates back to the American miners at the time of searching for gold, because these dogs denoted an excellent ability to detect this metal. His name is exactly the combination of gold and retrieve.

Golden Retrievers "were developed" in Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, through selective breeding and well prepared by the "father of the breed," Mr. Lord Tweedmouth. He used to form the breed: Tweed - Water Spaniel (now extinct), Newfoundland, Irish Setter and according to some (unproven) Bloodhound. Until 1952, the story "more glamorous" the beginning of the Goldens that was told was that, in 1858, the Scottish Sir Dudley Majoribanks, later known as Lord Tweedmouth, was visiting the English town of Brighton. When he saw one in a circus troupe of Russian sheepdogs performing tricks and performance that enchanted him, he immediately tried to buy a couple. The dogs' trainer would not sell a pair, claiming that this would break the troupe. Thus, Majoribanks bought the lot, all eight dogs, causing them to his property, "Guisachan," in Scotland. Thus the start of the breed.

The public loved the story, but, in 1952, his descendants had produced records from 1835 to 1890, having no mention of the Russian dogs. The Lord Tweedmouth started to develop the Golden in his property, near Inverness, Scotland, close to the famous Loch Ness. He wished to develop a dog that is loyal and loving, yet witty and smart, silent so as not to frighten the quarry, that likes water and with great ability to recover without tearing the prey. Lord Tweedmouth was a great hunting enthusiast in your country in his time, and he found in Golden the union of various qualities of other breeds of dogs. Through systematic crosses, he reached this beautiful breed.

Over the years other strains were developed until he came to the Golden known today.

The first Golden that arrived in Brazil was Patrick, who had the record name Eldorado Gold Leaf, and his was owner Mrs. Yvette Tobia. Since then the race began to enter the country for two kennels in Rio de Janeiro, and today throughout the country. The breed was recognized in 1911.

Considered today as a great companion dog for those who like large-sized dogs, the Golden is thus a fascinating companion.

The Golden Retriever is a cute, very docile. They have a good behavior and are very nice, very sly and also very reliable, your best friend.

Health

As any hunting dog, the Golden is a tough dog and, as every dog, is susceptible to problems such as:

  • Hip dysplasia - detected between 5 and 8 months old, always before 18 months. Dogs with this problem should not be reproduced, avoiding trouble in the future and not endangering the creator's reputation. Dysplasia can be aggravated if the dog is raised in an environment with slippery floor, where the hind legs remain open laterally.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy - detected between the 4th and the 8th year of life, can lead to total blindness or partial of the animal. Ophthalmic examinations can be done after the firsts 24 months for prevention.
  • Cataracts and Entropion Eyelid - may appear from the 3rd month of age.
  • Pyoderma - can be by many factors, like metabolic disorders, immune deficiencies, uncontrolled endocrine or allergic processes.
  • Most problems can be avoided with the permanent using of a super premium ration, since the first months of life.

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